Human-West-Nile-Virus
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South Dakota recorded the first human case of West Nile infection in 2019. Read on for more details.

First Human West Nile Virus (WNV) Case in South Dakota in 2019

Just to remind you, infected mosquitoes spread West Nile Virus (WNV), also known as Zika virus.

The first human case of WNV was detected on July 1, in Turner County. This individual is in the age group between 30 and 39.

Historically, the transmission of WNV in South Dakota has been remarkably higher than in other states, according to state epidemiologist, Joshua Clayton. He said that mosquitoes were now active and that people should implement safety measures, principally during evening outdoor activities. Protection is especially important because of the approaching July 4.

Safety Measures

To lower the chances of a potential hazard, Clayton advises people to apply mosquito repellents. For that purpose, you can even use oil of lemon eucalyptus but not on children under three years of age. It is advised not to use repellents at all on babies younger than two months. Instead, dress your baby in long sleeves and pants or cover strollers and baby carriers with mosquito netting. Of course, do not apply these to children’s hands, eyes, mouth, irritated skin, and cuts.

Also, people should dress adequately, which means you should wear long sleeves and pants. If you use repellents, do not spread under clothes. During the day, if you’re applying sunscreen, cover your skin first with it and then with a repellant.

The Culex mosquitoes are most aggressive during the night, so people should limit outdoor activities from dusk till dawn. But even indoors, you should take steps to be in control of the number of mosquitoes. You can do that by using screens to cover the windows and doors. Use air conditioning if you have it.

Furthermore, to prevent mosquitoes from laying eggs, you should get rid of water in your garden. You should empty the liquid from your flower pots and boxes. Remove all kinds of water containers. At least once a week, you should wash birdbaths, pet dishes, or fountains. In addition, change the water in these regularly. Manage your rain gathering system so that water can have a free flow.

All of these measures, as a precaution, are especially important for those that are at high risk of infection, such as those older than 50, pregnant women, organ transplant patients, and people with chronic diseases.

It is of utmost importance to comprehend the severeness of the threat of infection from mosquitoes and to actively implement these measures.

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